Richard I "Sans Peur" DE NORMANDIE 574,610,616
- Born: 28 Aug 933, Fécamp, Seine Inferieure, France 610,1128
- Married (1): 960
- Married (2): Not Married
- Married (3): 962, France 610
- Died: 20 Nov 996, The Monastery At Fécamp, Seine Inferieure, France 610,1128
- Buried: Fecamp, Normandie
Ancestral File Number: 9HMD-VF.
Richard was still a boy when his father died, and so he was powerless to stop Louis IV of France when he seized Normandy. Louis kept him in confinement in his youth at Lâon, but he escaped with the assistance of Osmund de Centeville, Bernard de Senlis (who had been a companion of Rollo of Normandy), Ivo de Bellèsme, and Bernard the Dane (ancestor of families of Harcourt and Beaumont). In 968, Richard agreed to "commend" himself to Hugh, Count of Paris. He then allied himself with the Norman and Viking leaders, drove Louis out of Rouen, and took back Normandy by 947. He later quarrelled with Ethelred II of England regarding Viking invasions of England because Normandy had been buying up much of the stolen booty.
Richard was bilingual, having been well educated at Bayeux. He was more partial to his Norse and Danish subjects than to the French. During his reign, Normandy became completely Gallicized and Christianized. He introduced the feudal system and Normandy became one of the most thoroughly feudalized states on the continent. He carried out a major reorganization of the Norman military system, based on heavy cavalry. He also became guardian of the young Hugh, Count of Paris, on the elder Hugh's death in 956. 1482
1. Occupation. 1128 3rd Duke of Normandy (942)
Richard married Emma CAPET of Paris, daughter of Hugues "Magnus" CAPET Count of Paris, Grand Duke of France and Princess Hedwige (Hartwige) VON SACHSEN, in 960. (Emma CAPET of Paris was born in 943 in France and died on 19 Mar 968 1483.)
Richard also married Unnamed Norman mistresses in Not Married. (Unnamed Norman mistresses was born in Normandie, France.)
Richard also married Gonnor (Gunner, Gunhild) D' ARQUES Duchess of Normandy, daughter of Herbastus (Herfast) Gormsson D' ARQUES Forester of Arque and Gunhild (Gunnora, Gundra) ÓLAFSDÓTTIR, in 962 in France 610. (Gonnor (Gunner, Gunhild) D' ARQUES Duchess of Normandy was born about 942 in Arque, Seine-Inferieure, Normandy, France and died in 1031 in France 610.)