- Born: 1346, Arundel Castle, Arundel, West Sussex, England 6887,6890
- Married (1): 28 Sep 1359, Derbyshire, England
- Married (2): 15 Aug 1390, England
- Died: 18 Sep 1397, Cheapside, London, Middlesex, England 6887,6890
- Buried: 21 Sep 1397, Augustine Friars, London, Middlesex, England
Cause of his death was beheaded.
Ancestral File Number: 8JDQ-LQ.
Richard Fitz Alan, born 1346, beheaded 21 Sep 1397, 10th Earl of Arundel and Surrey, son of Sir Richard Fitz Alan and Eleanor Plantagenet. [Magna Charta Sureties]
EARLDOM OF SURREY (X) 1376 to 1397
EARLDOM OF ARUNDEL (XV, 11 or 4) 1376 to 1397
RICHARD FITZ ALAN, Earl of Arundel, and Earl of Surrey, son and heir, by 2nd wife, born in 1346 (ca). He was bearer of the Crown at the coronation of Richard II, 16 July 1377, was a member of the Council, and was made Admiral of the West and South, 1377, an subsequently, 1386, of all England. K.G, distinguished himself in the French Wars, and "won a brilliant naval victory over the French, Spanish, & Flemish fleets off Margate in 24 March1387"; and was made Governor of Brest in 1388, being one of the five Lords Appellant in the Parliament of that year. Together with the Duke of Gloucester he later took an active part in the opposition to King Richard, who, in 1388, was entirely in that Duke's power. In 1394 he obtained a pardon for all political offences, but was treacherously seized, 12 July 1397, tried at Westminster, and beheaded at Cheapside on 21 September 1397.
He married [contract dated 28 September, Papal dispensation, the same month, 1359] Elizabeth, daughter of William [Bohun], Earl of Northampton, by Elizabeth, daughter of Bartholomew Badlesmere. She died 3 April 1385, and was buried at Lewes. He married 2ndly [without Royal license, for which he was fined 500 marks], 15 August 1390, Philippe, widow of John Hastings, and daughter of Edmund [Mortimer], Earl of March, by Philippe, daughter and heir of Lionel, Duke of Clarence. He d. as aforesaid, 21 Sep 1397. He was buried at Augustin Friars', in Bread Street, London, and, having been attainted, all his honors were forfeited. Will dated 4 Mar 1392/3. His widow [by whom he had no issue] was born 21 November 1375, at Ludlow, married 3rdly, after April 1398, Thomas [Poynings], Lord St. John of Basing, and died 24 September 1401, at Halnaker, Sussex, being buried at Boxgrove. [Complete Peerage I:244-5, XIV:38, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]
(ca) [from XIV:38, which changes "1346" to "before 1347"] He appears to have been the illegitimate son of his parents. . . .
Note: I suspect that XIV:38 is implying that he was born before his parent's wedding date (1345), thus making him illigitimate (they were cohabitating before marriage). Changing his birth year from "1346" to "before 1347" is a strange way of indicating that fact.
Richard Fitz Alan, 11th/4th Earl of Arundel and 11th Earl of Surrey, KG (1386); born 1346; Admiral of the West and South 1377, and of all England 1386; fought in the Hundred Years War, defeating a Franco-Spanish-Flemish fleet off Margate 1387; Governor of Brest 1388; one of the Lords Appellant (clique of nobles opposed to Richard II's favourites) 1388; married 1st c28 Sep 1359 Elizabeth, daughter of William Bohun, 1st Earl of Northampton of the March 1336/7 creation, and had with another son (presumably but not necessarily by her), Sir Edmund de Arundel, later bastardised (owing to his father's attainder?), whose daughter Philippa was mother of Avice, wife of the 11th Earl of Oxford; married 2nd 15 Aug 1390 Lady Philippa Mortimer, daughter of 3rd Earl of March by Philippa, only daughter of Lionel Duke of Clarence (2nd son of Edward III), and widow of 5th Lord (Baron) Hastings, and was attainted, his titles and lands being forfeited, and beheaded 21 Sep 1397 for his opposition to Richard II, having had no issue by her [Philippa]. [Burke's Peerage]
Note: I think that the part of the above citation concerning a son Edmund de Arundel, Philippa, and Avice, wife of the 11th Earl of Oxford, is explained by The Magna Charta Sureties. Edmund is not a son of this Richard, but his half-brother. 2074
1. Alt. Birth; Before 1347. 6892
Richard married Elizabeth DE BOHUN, daughter of Sir William DE BOHUN 1st Earl of Northampton, K.G. and Elizabeth DE BADLESMERE, on 28 Sep 1359 in Derbyshire, England. (Elizabeth DE BOHUN was born in 1340 in Derbyshire, England and died on 3 Apr 1385.)
Richard also married Philippe DE MORTIMER, daughter of Edmund "the Good" DE MORTIMER 3rd Earl of March & Ulster and Philippa PLANTAGENET Countess of Ulster, on 15 Aug 1390 in England. (Philippe DE MORTIMER was born on 21 Nov 1375 in Ludlow Castle, Hereford, England 563, died on 24 Sep 1401 in Halmaker, Sussex, England 563 and was buried in Boxgrove, near Lewes, Sussex, England.)